What about introducing non-pathogenic free living microbes to parts of the world where they are not
What about introducing non-pathogenic free living microbes to parts of the world where they are not naturally found (think of some of the environmental problems that have been caused by the introduction of larger organisms). Unfortunately we really don't know enough to say if these are real risks or not with free living microbes. Usually - as a rough rule of thumb A
pathogenic microbes survive less well in the general environment (in this case sewage) than many free living microbes. It is proposed to introduce vegetation in desert coastal areas, which are currently extremely remote from non-sterile areas. However, if the project is totally successful and followed through to conclusion, then ultimately ecosystems may meet. Perhaps this is a subject for further research? However, as pointed out by Andrew K Fletcher, a key related question to consider is: What are the implications of not introducing flora in the manner proposed? Humans, animal, fish, insect and plant species travel as does the water that sustains life. Using waste water to assist this process to introduce flora and fauna in vast areas of barren desert might be viewed as an invasion of larger species into a sterile landscape. However, this landscape has been sterilised by human and animal exploitation over millions of years. In the Sahara we find fossilised forests and in Israel with the recent fires, we can see how this devastation was initiated. Failing to maintain coastal forests so that moisture can cross over onto the land and provide the priming of rainfall so that life can exist there is a shortfall in thinking about reclaiming the deserts. The former water commissioner of Israel Gideon Tzur, as were others in Israel, and many other countries affected by water scarcity, were advised about forests becoming tinder dry due to inadequate coastal vegetation.
Remove the coastal forests and the forests inland become tinder dry as drought follows year after year. Reforest the deserts inland without addressing the need for coastal forests to prime the local weather with trees effectively harvesting sea mist and fog as well as inducing clouds to release their moisture over forests, something that should be blatantly obvious, given the useful, demonstration of the remaining tropical rainforests. Yet the lessons from the past and present have not yet dawned?
The dinosaur extinction could have been self induced, these massive herbivores stripping away coastal vegetation just as the elephant and giraffe and smaller grazing animals are observed to be doing in Africa. No need for a massive meteor to explain their demise. 1-2 degree rise in global temperatures and eggs of Alligators and Crocodiles, become males. These are the last remaining dinosaurs who fortunately laid their eggs near water, therefore regulating their temperatures, whereas reptiles laying eggs away from water would be subject to varying environmental temperature changes that may well have altered their sexes. It is not just a question about whether introducing larger species of plants, trees and animals along
with mankind's own invasion will affect the local ecological balance, which at the moment is sterility; it is about our very survival on this planet. Year after year we watch countries go up in flames and year after year we watch countries deluged by ever increasing volumes of rainfall concentrated in lands where water scarcity is not a problem.Yet these heavy rains wash away valuable top soil as observed more recently in Madagascar.
Many great civilization declines have been caused by over exploiting the environment and degradation of the soil structure. Removal of the coastal forest is always the first evidence of poor soil husbandry. The dinosaurs had a very small brain and perhaps were more concerned with satisfying their enormous hunger and appetites so they can be excused for not seeing the wisdom in leaving the forests on the coasts and along the river banks. Mankind on the other hand is the most intelligent species on Earth, and must therefore learn from
history the futility in stripping vegetation and soil nutrients from the soils. In fact we pay £billions each year to admire the stone folly's of past abandoned civilisations.
In the 1930s The Great American Dust bowl blew billions of tonnes of once fertile top soil away on the wind. This was caused again by over-exploiting the soil structure, followed by prolonged drought. Australia and Russia are engaged in the same practice of removing forests and growing cash grass crops. Even in the UK we have massive grain fields and have removed the coastal forests, hedgerows and woodlands. The rainfall in East Anglia is now half of the annual rainfall of Jerusalem. Dryer climates are excellent for finishing off crops of wheat, corn and barley in the short term, but in the long term this climate change will finish off more than the grain crops. In Cambodia the temples of once powerful people lay in decay. But the forest is beginning to reclaim them with huge trees pouring their roots over stone walls like candles melting wax. So given sufficient time without human interference nature will reclaim the deserts and introduce the larger species, whether we lend a hand or not. However, in order for nature to complete this task, mankind and many species of animals will have
to have long perished. If we have learned anything from our short history as guardians of our own environment, we must pay attention to how nature works. Again the Cambodia example shows how vegetation can recover the land providing the coastal forests are maintained.
Now see Cambodia's Forested coast line: http://www.khmerwitica.com/forum/travel-31/beyondangkor-
The lesson from the Aral Sea shows the futility of using non renewable water resources in arid
Using the waste water reduces soil salt in the short term and leached water through layers of sand
and aggregate would remove much, if not all of the organic material and much of the nitrates and
phosphates will remain suspended in the organic material through the soil filtration. This will add
many thousands of tonnes of salt free water to the underground reserves, while at the same time
increasing the level height of the available underground reserves above that of the sea level. See
U Tube Experiment here:
Raising the fresh water table is an essential part of Operation OASIS affording roots from trees to
tap into this resource and sustain the moisture evaporated from the trees and vegetation. This
airborne moisture is required to provide a constant lower temperature and higher atmospheric
moisture essential to inducing fog and mist capture and hopefully seed rainfall.
Operation OASIS does not require external sources of water and does not rely on ground water
reserves, so rather than raising salinity this process will lower salinity. It would therefore become a
useful tool in restoring land that has been ruined by excessive irrigation with saline ground water.